What host plants are grown to feed caterpillars?

larry_geneJanuary 1, 2013

The numbered plants are those that somebody on the Butterfly Gardening forum has used to SUCCESSFULLY rear caterpillars to adulthood or has actually observed the caterpillar eating. If there is no numbered plant, then nobody on our forum can vouch for any specific plant. If a butterfly in the list below has no numbered plant, research the plant family shown for hostplant candidates.

Several forum members report that using nursery or home-improvement store plants can be poisonous to caterpillars and adult butterflies due to pesticides or other chemicals. You have three main options: 1--raise the plant from seed (best). 2--prune the plant, do not put it in a prominent location, and wait for some new growth before presenting the plant to butterflies (good). 3--buy nursery/store plants, wash them thoroughly (fair; it is hard to get all the chemical off of the plant). SWALLOWTAILS

Giant Swallowtail
- Citrus family, Rutaceae

  1. Ptelea trifoliata - hop tree, wafer ash
  2. Zanthoxylum clava-herculis - hercules club
  3. Zanthoxylum fagara - wild lime
  4. Zanthoxylum americanum - prickly ash
  5. Citrus spp. - various species, including cultivated
  6. Murraya paniculata - orange jasmine
  7. Ruta graveolens - rue
  8. Dictamnus albus - gas plant
    Spicebush Swallowtail
    - Laurel family, lauraceae
  9. Persea borbonia - redbay
  10. Persea palustris - swampbay
  11. Sassafras albidum - sassafras
  12. Lindera benzoin - spicebush
  13. Cinnamomum camphora - camphor tree
    Pipevine swallowtail caterpillars will die if raised on tropical pipevines.
    Please only use the pipevines on the list.

Pipevine Swallowtail
- Pipevine family, Aristolochia

  1. Aristolochia macrophylla - big leaf pipevine
  2. Aristolochia tomentosa - woolly pipevine
  3. Aristolochia serpentaria - Virginia snakeroot
  4. Aristolochia californica - California pipevine
  5. Aristolochia fimbriata - white-veined Duchman's pipe
  6. Aristolochia trilobata - Dutchman's Pipe
  7. Aristolochia clematitis - Birthwort
  8. Aristolochia watsonii - Desert pipevine
    Anise Swallowtail
    - Carrot family, Apiaceae
  9. Pimpinella anisum - anise
  10. Foeniculum vulgare - fennel
  11. Lomatium - parsnip
    Eastern Black Swallowtail
    - Rue family, Rutaceae
    - Carrot family, Apiaceae
  12. Ruta graveolens - rue
  13. Anethum graveolens - dill
  14. Foeniculum vulgare - fennel
  15. Petroselinum crispum - parsley
  16. Zizia aurea - golden Alexander
    Palamedes Swallowtail
    - Laurel family, lauraceae
  17. Persea borbonia - redbay
  18. Persea palustris - swampbay
  19. Sassafras albidum - sassafras
    Zebra Swallowtail
    - Pawpaw family, annonaceae
  20. Asimina triloba - common pawpaw
  21. Asimina pygmaea - dwarf pawpaw
  22. Annona muricata - soursop
    Polydamas Swallowtail
    - Pipevine family, Aristolochia
  23. Aristolochia elegans - calico flower
  24. Aristolochia gigantea - giant pipevine
  25. Aristolochia fimbriata - white-veined Duchman's pipe
    Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
    - Rose family, Rosaceae
    - Magnolia family, Magnoliaceae
    - Olive family,...
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