What host plants are grown to feed caterpillars?

larry_geneJanuary 1, 2013

The numbered plants are those that somebody on the Butterfly Gardening forum has used to SUCCESSFULLY rear caterpillars to adulthood or has actually observed the caterpillar eating. If there is no numbered plant, then nobody on our forum can vouch for any specific plant. If a butterfly in the list below has no numbered plant, research the plant family shown for hostplant candidates.

Several forum members report that using nursery or home-improvement store plants can be poisonous to caterpillars and adult butterflies due to pesticides or other chemicals. You have three main options: 1--raise the plant from seed (best). 2--prune the plant, do not put it in a prominent location, and wait for some new growth before presenting the plant to butterflies (good). 3--buy nursery/store plants, wash them thoroughly (fair; it is hard to get all the chemical off of the plant). SWALLOWTAILS

Giant Swallowtail
- Citrus family, Rutaceae
1. Ptelea trifoliata - hop tree, wafer ash
2. Zanthoxylum clava-herculis - hercules club
3. Zanthoxylum fagara - wild lime
4. Zanthoxylum americanum - prickly ash
5. Citrus spp. - various species, including cultivated
6. Murraya paniculata - orange jasmine
7. Ruta graveolens - rue
8. Dictamnus albus - gas plant


Spicebush Swallowtail
- Laurel family, lauraceae
1. Persea borbonia - redbay
2. Persea palustris - swampbay
3. Sassafras albidum - sassafras
4. Lindera benzoin - spicebush
5. Cinnamomum camphora - camphor tree


Pipevine swallowtail caterpillars will die if raised on tropical pipevines.
Please only use the pipevines on the list.

Pipevine Swallowtail
- Pipevine family, Aristolochia
1. Aristolochia macrophylla - big leaf pipevine
2. Aristolochia tomentosa - woolly pipevine
3. Aristolochia serpentaria - Virginia snakeroot
4. Aristolochia californica - California pipevine
5. Aristolochia fimbriata - white-veined Duchman's pipe
6. Aristolochia trilobata - Dutchman's Pipe
7. Aristolochia clematitis - Birthwort
8. Aristolochia watsonii - Desert pipevine


Anise Swallowtail
- Carrot family, Apiaceae
1. Pimpinella anisum - anise
2. Foeniculum vulgare - fennel
3. Lomatium - parsnip


Eastern Black Swallowtail
- Rue family, Rutaceae
- Carrot family, Apiaceae
1. Ruta graveolens - rue
2. Anethum graveolens - dill
3. Foeniculum vulgare - fennel
4. Petroselinum crispum - parsley
5. Zizia aurea - golden Alexander


Palamedes Swallowtail
- Laurel family, lauraceae
1. Persea borbonia - redbay
2. Persea palustris - swampbay
3. Sassafras albidum - sassafras


Zebra Swallowtail
- Pawpaw family, annonaceae
1. Asimina triloba - common pawpaw
2. Asimina pygmaea - dwarf pawpaw
3. Annona muricata - soursop


Polydamas Swallowtail
- Pipevine family, Aristolochia
1. Aristolochia elegans - calico flower
2. Aristolochia gigantea - giant pipevine
3. Aristolochia fimbriata - white-veined Duchman's pipe


Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
- Rose family, Rosaceae
- Magnolia family, Magnoliaceae
- Olive family, Oleaceae
1. Prunus serotina - wild black cherry
2. Liriodendron tulipifera - tulip poplar
3. Ptelea trifoliata - wafer ash, hoptree
4. Fraxinus velutina - Arizona ash tree
5. Magnolia virginiana - sweetbay magnolia


Canadian Swallowtail
1. Populus tremuloides - quaking aspen


Two-tailed Tiger Swallowtail
- Cherry family, Prunus
- Ash family, Fraxinus
- Citrus family, Ptelea
1. Prunus virginiana - chokecherry
2. Ptelea crenulata - California hoptree
3. Ptelea trifoliata - Common hoptree


Pale Swallowtail
- Buckthorn family, Rhamnaceae
1. Rhamnus californicus - coffeeberry
2. Ceanothus arboreus - California lilac


Western Tiger Swallowtail
- Willow family, Salicaceae


WHITES and SULPHURS
Sulphurs
- Bean family, fabaceae


Cloudless Sulphur
1. Cassia alata - Candlestick plant
2. Senna hebecarpa - wild senna


Clouded (Common) Sulphur
1. White or red clover
2. Baptisia australis - wild indigo


Orange-barred Sulphur
Sleepy Orange
1. Cassia obtusifolia - sicklepod
2. Cassia bicapsularis - Christmas senna
3. Cassia surattensis - glaucous cassia
4. Senna mexicana - Bahama senna
5. Senna ligustrina - privet senna
6. Cassia javanica - apple blossom cassia, pink cassia
7. Chamaechrysta fasciculata - partridge pea
8. Senna alata - Candlestick cassia, candlebush


Cabbage White
- Mustard family, brassicaceae
1. The garden vegetable cabbage
2. Tropaeolum spp. - nasturtium


California Dogface
- Bean family, fabaceae
1. Amorpha californica - false indigo


Dainty Sulphur
- Aster family, asteraceae
1. Bidens spp. - Spanish needles


Great Southern White
- Mustard family, brassicaceae
- Nasturtium family, tropaeolaceae
- Saltwort family, bataceae


Common White
- Mustard family, brassicaceae


Sara orangetip
- Mustard family , brassicaceae


Orange (Alfalfa) Sulphur
- Bean family, fabaceae


GOSSAMERS (blues, coppers, hairstreaks, Harvester)

Gray Hairstreak
- Mallow family, malvaceae
1. Sida spp. - broomweed
2. Hibiscus moscheutos - swamp rose mallow
3. Hibiscus coccineus - swamp hibiscus/Texas star
4. Desmodium genus - beggarweed
5. Trifolium repens - white clover
6. Medicago sativa - alfalfa


Juniper Hairstreak
1. Juniperus virginiana - eastern redcedar


Cassius Blue
- Leadwort family, plumbaginaceae
1. Plumbago auriculata - leadwort
2. Plumbago scandens - wild plumbago


Echo Blue (aka Spring Azure or Summer Azure)
- Buckthorn family, rhamnaceae
1. Ceanothus spp. - California buckeye, California lilac


Achmon Blue
- Wild buckwheat family, polygonaceae
1. Eriogonum spp. - buckwheat


Eastern Tailed Blue
- clovers
1. Securigera (Coronilla) varia - crown vetch


Atala
- Zamia family, zamiaceae


Great Purple (or Blue) Hairstreak
- Mistletoe family, loranthaceae


Harvester
- In America, our only carnivorous butterfly.
They feed on woolly aphids of the genera schizoneura and pemphigus.


BRUSH-FOOTS
(admirals, fritillaries, crescentspots, checkerspots, anglewings, ladies, tortoiseshells, leafwings, patches)

Buckeye
- Snapdragon family, scrophulariaceae
- Plantain family, plantaginaceae
- Vervain family, verbenaceae
1. Agalinis fasciculata - wild foxglove
2. Dyschoriste spp. - twinflower
3. Ruellia caroliniana - wild petunia
4. Ruellia succulenta - thickleaf wild petunia
5. Verbena hastata - blue vervain
6. Orthocarpus spp. - owl's clover
7. Plantago lanceolata - English plantain/ribgrass
8. Mimulus - monkey flower
9. Linaria vulgaris - butter & eggs
10. Linaria canadensis - blue toadflax
11. Linaria purpurea - purple toadflax
12. Galvezia speciosa - Island bush snapdragon
13. Diascia spp. - twinspur
14. Plantago major - greater or common plantain


Most red-flowered and a few blue flowered passifloras will not support the butterflies that use these vines in the United States. Many red-flowered tropical passionvines are on the market. Please do not use them - they are similar enough to our own passionvines that our female butterflies will lay eggs on them, but the caterpillars will soon die. Gulf Fritillary
- Passionvine family, passifloraceae
1. Passiflora incarnata - maypop
2. Passiflora suberosa - corky stemmed passionvine
3. Passiflora lutea - yellow passionflower
4. Passiflora alto - 'Amethyst'/'Lavender Lady'/'Star of Mikan'
5. Passiflora caerulea - blue passionflower/'Waterloo Blue'
6. Passiflora incarnata x cinnicata - incense passionflower
7. Passiflora vitifolia x caerulea - passionflower 'Lady Margaret'
8. Passiflora biflora - twin flower passionflower


Zebra Longwing
- Passionvine family, passifloraceae
1. Passiflora suberosa - corky stemmed passionvine
2. Passiflora biflora - two-flower passionvine
3. Passiflora lutea - yellow passionvine
4. Passiflora incarnata - purple passionflower or Maypops


Ruddy Daggerwing
- Fig family, moraceae
1. Ficus aurea - Florida strangler fig
2. Ficus citrifolia - wild banyan
3. Ficus benjamina - weeping fig
4. Ficus macrocarpa - Australian banyan


Julia
- Passionvine family, passifloraceae
1. Passiflora suberosa - corky stemmed passionvine
2. Passiflora lutea - yellow passionflower
3. Passiflora incarnata - maypop


Painted Lady
- Aster family, asteraceae
1. Borage
2. Sunflower
3. Malva sylvestris - High mallow
4. Malva parviflora - cheeseweed
5. Lavatera maritima - tree mallow
6. Thistles


American Painted Lady
- Aster family, asteraceae
1. Gnaphalium obtusifolium - cudweed, sweet everlasting
2. Gnaphalium falcatum - cudweed
3. Helichrysum petiolatum - licorice plant
4. Helichrysum thianschanicum - licorice icicles
5. Anaphalis margaritacea - pearly everlasting
6. Antennaria plantaginifolia - plantain-leaved pussy toes
7. Artemesia ludoviciana - Prairie Sage


West Coast Lady
- Mallow family, malvaceae
1. Lavatera maritima - tree mallow
2. Althea rosea - common hollyhock
3. Malva neglecta - common mallow


Red-spotted Purple
- Rose family, rosaceae
- Willow family,salicaceae
- Poplar family, populus
1. Salix nigra - black willow
2. Salix caroliniana - Carolina willow
3. Prunus serotina - wild black cherry
4. Prunus cerasifera - purple leaf plum
5. Malus angustifolia - Southern or wild crabapple
6. "hybrid crabapple"


Variegated Fritillary
- Passionvine family, passifloraceae
- Violet family, viola
1. Passiflora incarnata - maypop
2. Viola floridana - common violet
3. Viola soraria - woolly blue violet
4. Viola tricolor - Johnny Jump-ups
5. Viola x Wittrockiana - pansies


White Peacock
- Snapdragon family, scrophulariaceae
- Vervain family, verbenaceae
1. Bacopa caroliniana - water hyssop, lemon bacopa
2. Bacopa monnieri - water hyssop, herb of grace


Viceroy
- Willow family, salicaceae
- Poplar family, populus
1. Salix nigra - black willow
2. Salix caroliniana - Carolina willow
3. Salix caprea - goat willow


Phaon Crescentspot
- Vervain family, verbenaceae
1. Phyla nodiflora - fogfruit


Silvery Checkerspot
1. Echinacea purpurea - purple coneflower
2. Echinacea tennesseensis - Tennessee coneflower
3. Echinacea pallida - pale coneflower
4. Rudbeckia hirta - black-eyed susan
5. Liatris spicata - blazing star/gayfeather


Baltimore Checkerspot
1. Plantago lanceolata - English or narrow-leaved plantain
2. Chelone glabra - white turtlehead
3. Chelone lyonii - turtlehead "hot lips"


Question Mark
- Nettle family, urticaceae
- Elm family, ulmus
1. Humulus lupus - hops vine


California Tortoiseshell
- Buckthorn family, rhamnaceae
1. Ceanothus spp.


Red Admiral
- Nettle family, urticaceae
1. Urtica spp. - stinging nettle


Goatweed Leafwing
- Croton family, euphorbiaceae
1. Croton capitatum - goatweed


Hackberry Emperor
- Elm family, ulmaceae - Hackberry family, celtis
1. Celtis spp. - hackberry, sugarberry


Great spangled Fritilary
- Violet family, viola


Mourning Cloak
- Willow family, salicaceae
- Cottonwood family, populus
- Elm family, ulmus
1. Salix matsudana - corkscrew willow


White Admiral
- Birch family, betula
- Willow family, salicaceae
- Poplar family, populus
1. Prunus serotina - wild black cherry


Lorquin's Admiral
- Willow family, salicaceae


California Sister
- Oak family, quercus


Malachite
- Acanthus family, acanthaceae


Bordered Patch
- Asteraceae - sunflower family
1. Wedelia hispida - Zexmenia
2. Verbesina encelioides - Golden Crownbeard


MILKWEED BUTTERFLIES

Monarch
- Milkweed family, asclepiadaceae
1. Asclepias currasavica - tropical/scarlet milkweed
2. Asclepias incarnata - swamp milkweed
3. Cynanchum laeve - honeyvine
4. Asclepias fascicularis - narrow-leaf milkweed
5. Asclepias speciosa - showy milkweed
6. Asclepias physocarpa - Balloon or Swan plant
7. Calotropis gigantea - giant milkweek or crown flower


Queen
- Milkweed family, asclepiadaceae
1. Sarcostemma clausa - whitevine
2. Asclepias currasavica - tropical/scarlet milkweed


SKIPPERS

Brazilian Skipper
- Canna family, cannaceae
- Arrowroot family, marantaceae
1. Thalia dealbata - powdery thalia


Fiery Skipper
- Grass family, Poaceae
1. Bermuda grass - Cynodon dactylon


Silver-spotted Skipper
- Bean family, fabaceae
1. Amorpha fruticosa - desert false indigo
2. Robinia pseudoacacia - black locust


Long-tailed Skipper
- Bean family, fabaceae


Hoary Edge Skipper
- Bean family, fabaceae
1. Amorpha fruticosa - desert false indigo


0gt;

More Discussions
What are some books for identifying butterflies and caterpillars?
The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Butterflies by...
larry_gene
What are these abbreviations or unusual words I see in this forum?
Asclepias--plants in the milkweed family BST--black...
larry_gene
How can I post an image or picture to the forum?
Posting images to the forum: The simplest current method...
larry_gene
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR HAND-RAISING BUTTERFLIES & MOTHS
General Instructions for Hand-Raising Butterflies &...
larry_gene
Important Info RE OE Spores & Monarchs
Important Info RE OE & Monarchs! Posted by tdogmom...
larry_gene
Sponsored Products
Vlek Pot
FRONTGATE
Urban Garden Plant Sack by Authentics
$77.70 | Lumens
Triple Lotus Faux Floral - RED/PINK
$415.00 | Horchow
Vondom | Moma High Table Glossy Finish
YLiving.com
3D Contemporary Wall Panels Rays Design (Set of 10)
Overstock.com
Ulysses 22.5 in. White with Green Moss Urn Planter - 217261
$49.99 | Hayneedle
People viewed this after searching for:
© 2015 Houzz Inc. Houzz® The new way to design your home™