o What are the names of some fragrant orchids?

The following list of fragrant orchids was submitted to the GardenWeb Fragrant Plants Forum by Jim Shy in August 2004.

Fragrant Orchid List

A list of all fragrant orchid species and hybrids would be gigantic, and would always be growing as new hybrids are registered practically every week. In response to some requests, this list has been created as a definitely-not-complete list of orchids that are:

1. Fragrant in a pleasing sense (bulbophyllum fans, you’ll have to look elsewhere!) 2. Not impossible to find at nurseries, orchid shows, and on the web 3. Are generally considered to be easy to grow in the home, average greenhouse, or outdoors for those living in Zones 9-10

I’ve given brief notes about fragrance (faint, strong, day or night), where I can, but for more info, you’ll have to consult some orchid books or ask on the Orchid Forum

Here goes!

Species and hybrid orchids:

Aerangis: most species are miniature and evening fragrant, biloba, citrata, modesta, mystacidii, somalensis are considered easy, most do better mounted.

Aeranthes: a few species are fragrant.

Aerides: most are very fragrant, tall, lanky growth and roots.

Ancistrochilum rothschildianum: mini, deciduous in winter.

Angraecum: most are night fragrant, some are large and highly scented.

Brassavola: most are very night-scented, including the well-known Brassavola nodosa, or "lady of the night" orchid.

Brassia: Huge, spiderlike flowers.

Brassidium: popular, scented brassia hybrids.

Brassocattleyas: crosses between brassavola and cattleya, many are scented, some are intensely scented.

Brassolaocattleyas: Crosses of three different genuses, many are scented.

Bulbophyllum: ambrosia, laxiflorum and odoratissimum are a few small, well-scented species in a group of often foul-smelling orchids.

Catasetum: large, deciduous orchids that bear male or female flowers. Several species are fragrant, including callosum, pileatum and tenebrosum, many well-known hybrids with other genuses are likewise fragrant.

Cattleya: The classic orchid, the most fragrant species are said to be bicolor, dowiana, iricolor, labiata, maxima, mossiae, schilleriana, and warscewiczii Literally thousands of hybrids, many are scented, some intensely so – look for ones with scented species in their background, or ask for the most fragrant ones.

Clowesia: plants lose leaves in the winter, most species and hybrids are scented.

Cochleanthes amazonica, aromatica, discolor: small, must be kept warm and moist.

Coelogyne: many species are scented, some grow quite large. Popular species include cristata, cummingii, dayana, mooreana, ochracea, pandurata.

Cychnoches: large, deciduous orchids, spectacular blooms. Scented species include chlorochilum, warscewiczianum .

Cymbidium: The fragrance of certain asian species – chinensis, ensifolium and kanran – have been written about for thousands of years. Some mini fragrant hybrids have been developed, which may be easier for beginners.

Dendrobium: Another very popular genus, many have tall canes and lose their leaves in winter. Many species and hybrids are scented: popular species include kingianum, loddigesii, monoliforme, nobile, parishii, speciosum Popular scented hybrids include many "nobile-type" hybrids.

Dendrochilum: many are scented, with chains of tiny flowers, including cobbianum, glumacaeum, magnum.

Encyclia: most are scented, including alata, cordigera, dickinsoniana, fragrans, mooreana, patens, phoenicia (chocolate), radiata, tampensis,
A growing number of fragrant hybrids, popular around Mother’s Day.

Epidendrum: includes popular "reed-stem" orchids; fragrant species include ciliare, citrosmum, conopseum, cristatum, falcatum, floribundum, nocturnum, parkinsonianum, stamfordianum.
Some fragrant hybrids.

Gongora: most are small and highly scented, flowers often short-lived.

Haraella odorata: hands down the most popular fragrant miniature orchid on the Orchid Forum.

Holcoglossum: amesianum, yunnanensis are small vanda relatives.

Jumellea: angraecum relatives, popular species include arachnantha, comorensis, confusus.

Laelia: close relatives of cattleyas, most fragrant species include anceps, grandis, jongheana, purpurata.

Laeocattleyas: again, tons of hybrids, many of which are fragrant. Some are also minis, easy for houseplants or under lights.

Leptotes bicolor: small, cute, popular mini.

Lycaste: some very fragrant species, including aromatica and cruenta (both cinnamon-scented), leuchantha, and skinneri.

Maxillarias: generally small, many are fragrant, including camaridii, cucullata, elatior, picta, tenuifolia (coconut-scented), variabilis. Some need cooler temps in summer.

Miltonia: mainly cool growing orchids, fragrant species include spectabilis, warscewiczii and a few scented hybrids, particularly with other genuses.

Neofinetia falcata: mini species, many different cultivars in Japan, highly fragrant.

Oncidium: Flowers like swarms of butterflies. Popular scented species incude cheirophorum, incurvatum, maculatum, ornithorynchum, and some famous hybrids, see below for some.

Osmoglossum pulchellum: the "lily of the valley" orchid, needs cool temps.

Paphiopedilum: very popular "slipper orchids," most don’t need high light, scented species include delenatii and malipoense and a few hybrids.

Phaius: Small group of terrestrial orchids, grandifolia, pulcher and tankervilleae all scented.
Small number of hybrids, popular outdoors in tropics.

Phalaenopsis: Probably the world’s most popular orchid right now. Needs lower light, long bloom period, fragrant species include bellina, celebensis, shilleriana, stuartiana, violacea.
More fragrant hybrids coming onto the market in recent years.

Phragmipedium: Related to the slipper orchids, grow wet, fragrant species include schlimii.

Rhynchlaelia: digbyana and glauca; both highly fragrant, often used in cattleya-type hybrids.

Rhynchostylis: most are fragrant, including coelestis, gigantea and retusa Often crossed with vandas and other similar orchids to produce scented hybrids

Schoenorchis fragrans: tiny vanda-type.

Sedirea japonica: very fragrant mini, long cultivated in Japan.

Stanhopea: mostly large plants with pendant flowers, blooms only last a few days but are intensely scented. Species include inodora (vanilla), oculata, panamensis, and wardii.

Trichopilia: fragrans, suavis, tortilis are all fragrant.

Tuberolabium kotoense: another popular scented mini

Vanda: big, long aerial roots, harder to grow in the North, smaller scented species include cristata, denisonia, suavis, and tessellata. Thousands of hybrids, some with other genuses, including some scented ones.

Zygopetalum: most species are highly scented; usually found as complex hybrids, many of which also smell fantastic.

And now, a small sampling some of the more popular "named" scented orchid hybrids:

Brassavola ‘Little Stars’ – lots of small, night-scented white flowers.

Brassolaelia ‘Yellow Bird’ – popular, some clones are evening fragrant.

Brassolaeliocattleya. Waianae Leopard `Ching Hua` – very spotted, magenta blooms.

Cychnoches ‘Wine Delight’: deciduous, big red flowers.

Cymbidium Golden Elf ‘Sundust’ – mini (for a cymbidium), blooms multiple times a year (citrus).

Darwinara ‘Charm’ – mini vanda

Gerberara ‘Snow Ballet’ – complex cattleya type, long blooming season.

Iwanagaara ‘Appleblossom’ – Cattleya type, multiple blooms

Laeliocatleya. Irene Finney – a classic spring-blooming lavender-colored orchid.

Neostylis ‘Lou Sneary’ – very popular mini Oncidium ‘Fragrance Fantasy,’ Sharry Baby "Sweet Fragrance" (Chocolate/vanilla), ‘Sweet Sugar’,‘Twinkle’

Potinara ‘Free Spirit’ – small cattleya hybrid, yellow flowers.

Potinara Halona Chocolate 'Red Beauty' – bright red flowers.

Zygopetalum ‘Artur Elle’ – fall bloomer, intensely fragrant.

Entered by guanabanaboy

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