Finding the seeds
After the rose fades and the petals fall off the base will swell. These are called hips or heps. They are the seedpods that have resulted from your rose flowers. When they turn orange (or red or yellow, etc), you pull the hips from the plant, and I just use a butter knife to split them open. Inside them you will find the seeds and also some hair-like fuzz. Remove the seeds, making sure that all the hip tissue is removed (It has a hormone in it that slows germination).
What you'll need to do to grow your seeds.
*Rose seeds (they should be as fresh as possible) *Containers - jars, plastic bags, etc. (I use baby food jars) *Sterile soil mix - I think you bake soil in a pan at 250 degrees for 30 minutes, or use peat which naturally resists bacteria. (I use jiffy peat pellets, the wafer things that plump up when you add water) or good potting soil. Some people even use moistened paper towels, or sand. Whatever works for you. *Hydrogen peroxide [OH] (all my seedlings died when I ran out. prevents damp-off, a condition where your seedlings rot at the soil line.) *water *1-cup measuring cup & tablespoon *Seed starter soil mix
- In a 1-cup measuring cup, add 1 tablespoon of hydrogen peroxide. Fill cup the rest of the way with water. (This will be a 1:15 ratio) - just don't get it on the leaves.
- Use this mixture to add moisture to the soil. No one ever says this, but you want it to have the same moisture content as fresh turn soil. If it's too wet it will rot the seeds. I usually get it too wet and have to leave it out to dry to right moisture level (I try to squeeze it out first, I got it right this time this way). If it's too dry it will inhibit germination. Add the soil-water-OH mix to jar and place in the fridge.
- Get out your seeds and soak in water/Hydrogen peroxide solution for 6-12 hours. Place in the jar you have ready. Place the jar in the refrigerator.
- Wait 3 months.
-It helps (if you can) to vary the temps a little during the last month in the fridge. *But Never freeze them at any time.* Then take out and find a warm spot (70-75 degrees) to place them in overnight. Check for germination of seeds, and then place in back in the fridge overnight. Temps of 80 degrees will stop germination. I've heard of people just planting them in seed trays allowing them to germinate there. You can try this if it'll work better for you. And also of people leaving them in the fridge once temps reach 80 degrees, sometimes they germinate there.
- When looking for germination, you will see a single root-tip breaking through the seed. If you see lots of fuzzy little roots, it's mold (don't worry). There's a distinct difference.
- If you need to add water to your planting mix, use the water-hydrogen peroxide mix.
- Plant your germinated seedling. Make sure that it's covered by soil or the root will curl around the seed like a snail. After you've put several months into getting this far, it's really not so neat. Don't plant too deep, either; try for about 1/4 inch deep.
- Water the seedling with the water-hydrogen peroxide mixture, don't over/under water.
- You can lightly fertilize with a weak water-soluble fertilizer (Miracle grow type stuff) when they get their second leaves. 25% regular dose I think.
- Repeat blooming roses bloom after about 2 months. Once blooming roses bloom after about 2-3 years.
- If your rose seedlings wilt or die at the top, just below the first leaves, this may be due to an injury to the plant or because of a lack of humidity. If you think it's because of a lack of humidity, try to make a green house for it by using the pop bottle with the base cut off, but the top and sides left on, (used also for rooting cuttings). Open the top of the bottle to let air circulate a couple of days before removing the bottle. Replace bottle if plant begins to wilt. Milk bottles work too, so would even an aquarium, or whatever you can think of that will do the job. Sometimes I start some in late winter when there's not much humidity in the house, but if you wait until early-mid spring you should be OK without it, just do it only if you need to.
I've never had any trouble moving them to outdoors, so I'll let you handle that with another post when the time comes.
Also there are so many variations on how to do this, it's really best to just do searches on rose hybridizing and just see what works best for you. Rose Hybridizer's links from CybeRose. Open Directory seed project
Rose Hybridizer's Association Homepage
Paul Barden's website Old Garden Roses & Beyond index His rose list is at the top and the articles are at the bottom of the page
Jim Sproul's page Roses by Design has a lot of baby rose photos
link to opened hip
Bax Boyd's Make More Roses bottle method You can do this on a small scale, too. Just find a spot with bright mottled shade (ex: under a tree where grass will grow). The bottles have the base cut off, but the top and sides left on.
If there's anything confusing in them, you can e-mail me or write here and I'll do what I can to help.
Entered by AngieAnders
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